Kan Daw Gyi Lake
Yangon is situated on the Yangon River and is 30 km up from the sea. It covers with evergreen and shady trees, beautiful parks, cool lakes, colonial buildings. It is not only the capital city but also the main gateway to Myanmar by air and sea. Its former name was 'Okkala'. After the Shwe Dagon Pagoda was built (over 2,500 years ago), it gained popularity as a pilgrimage center and generally referred to as 'Dagon'. Yangon was renamed by King Alaungpaya in 1755 after he conquered Lower Myanmar. Yangon means "End of Strife". In the second Anglo- Myanmar War fought in 1852, Lower Myanmar was ceded to the British. They anglicized 'Yangon' into 'Rangoon' and since then became the seat of government. 'Rangoon' city was modeled and implemented by Lieutenant Fraser of the British Engineering Corps, who had also drawn the city plan of Singapore. Myanmar has adopted a market oriented economic system and opening up to foreign investment since 1988. The Government changed the anglicized named of 'Rangoon' back to 'Yangon'. ‘Yangon’ covers over 350 kilometers square and have a population of over 5 million.
The great golden stupa in the bell shape rising 98 meters above its base and gilded with 60 tons of pure gold by devout Buddhists over centuries is the landmark visible from miles around. One of the wonders of the world, it was believed to have been built over 2500 years ago where the four Buddhas' relics were enshrined.
'Kaba Aye' - World Peace Pagoda, was built by the former Prime Minister U Nu to commemorate the Sixth Buddhist Synod in 1954, which was held in 'Maha Pasana' Guha (Cave) within the same compound.
This huge 72 meter Reclining Buddha, built in 1907, was damaged due to exposure to climate over the years.
The interesting collections of Myanmar Royal Regalia, the Lion Throne of the last Myanmar king, the Elephant Throne, the Royal Insignia, manuscripts, paintings etc are displayed. The building has five floors of exhibits located on Pyay Road.
Its octagonal shape is excellent land mark in the heart of Yangon city. It is over 2000 years old but has rebuilt and repaired many times over the centuries.